Propagation of Pneumocystis carinii in vitro

Pediatric Research
L L PiferM J Murphy

Abstract

Pneumocystis carinii was propagated in vitro with primary embryonic chick epithelial lung (CEL) cells. Viability and growth of the organism were demonstrated by direct observation of the reproductive cycle in the Sykes-Moore chamber, serial passage with an increase in the number of mature cysts forms, the cytopathic effect of the organism on cell culture, and inhibition of growth of the organism by specific antiserum and pentamidine isethionate. Attempts to culture P. carinii indefinitely were not successful. However, cyst forms derived from murine and human sources increased 100-fold and 10-fold, respectively, during CEL cell culture passages. Serial passage of trophozoites alone resulted in the development of typical CPE and a maximum number of 2.8 X 10(3) cyst forms. Autoradiographic methods demonstrated active DNA, RNA, and protein synthesis within the cyst and suggest that metabolic interaction between the host cells and the organisms occurred. The nature of the attachment of P. carinii to the host CEL cell was clearly discernible by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). In the reproductive cycle a vegetative cell (designated "trophozoite") attached by tubular expansions to the hhed without entering the cell. Sporozoites dev...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Embryo
Metabolic Process, Cellular
Lung
Murine
Trophozoite
Cell Culture Techniques
Immune Sera
Reproduction Spores
Pneumocystis Infections
Protein Biosynthesis

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