PMID: 3450Oct 1, 1975

Properties of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase in microsomes of Morris hepatoma 5123D and the host liver

Gann = Gan
M WatanabeH Sato


Properties of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase in the microsomes were compared between Morris hepatoma 5123D and the host liver from rats bearing this tumor. Requirement of NADPH for the assay of the enzyme activity was observed, compared to that of NADH, and also the additive effect of NADH on the requirement of NADPH was found in the tumor and liver. Curve of pH optimum of the enzyme activity in tumor and liver differed between the rats treated with corn oil and those with 3-methylcholanthrene, indicating a slight shift of the peak value to alkaline pH in the latter. The same values of the apparent Km for NADPH and NADH were shown for the enzyme from the liver and tumor even 24 hr after the treatment with 3-methylcholanthrene, but a difference in the apparent Km for benzo[a]pyrene was demonstrated between the tumor and the host liver, showing 3.6 approximately 6.6 muM in the former and 9.1 approximately 20 muM in the latter. By the addition of 7,8- or 5,6-benzoflavone to the assay medium for the tumor, the induced enzyme was inhibited noncompetitively, and the constitutive enzyme was enhanced, as demonstrated in the host liver. As observed in the induced enzyme in both tissues, cyclohexene oxide and 1,1,1-trichloropropane oxide s...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Xenobiotic Monooxygenases
9,10-Epoxypalmitic Acid Hydrase
Liver Carcinoma
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Malignant Neoplasm of Liver
Microsomes, Liver

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a rare rheumatic disease that affects children. Symptoms include joint pain, but also fevers and skin rashes. Here is the latest on this disease.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia

Pontocerebellar hypoplasias are a group of neurodegenerative autosomal recessive disorders with prenatal onset, atrophy or hypoplasia of the cerebellum, hypoplasia of the ventral pons, microcephaly, variable neocortical atrophy and severe mental and motor impairments. Here is the latest research on pontocerebellar hypoplasia.

Cell Atlas Along the Gut-Brain Axis

Profiling cells along the gut-brain axis at the single cell level will provide unique information for each cell type, a three-dimensional map of how cell types work together to form tissues, and insights into how changes in the map underlie health and disease of the GI system and its crosstalk with the brain. Disocver the latest research on single cell analysis of the gut-brain axis here.

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive degenerative disease that occurs in individuals that suffer repetitive brain trauma. Discover the latest research on traumatic encephalopathy here.