PMID: 36907Jun 5, 1979

Properties of ATP-driven reverse electron flow in chloroplasts

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
U Schreiber, M Avron


1. The reverse reactions induced by coupled ATP hydrolysis were studied in spinach chloroplasts by measurements of the ATP-induced increase in chlorophyll fluorescence reflecting reverse electron flow, and of the ATP-induced decrease in 9-aminoacridine fluorescence, representing formation of the transthylakoidal proton gradient (deltapH). ATP-induced reverse electron flow was kinetically analysed into three phases, of which only the second and third one were paralleled by corresponding phases in deltapH formation. The rapid first phase and formation of a deltapH occur also in the absence of the electron transfer mediator phenazine methosulfate. 2. The rate and extent of the reverse reactions were measured at temperatures in the range from 0 to 30 degrees C. The rate of formation of delta pH and of reverse electron flow were faster at high temperatures, but the maximal extent of delta pH and chlorophyll fluorescence increase were observed at the lowest temperature. Considering rate and extent of the ATP-stimulated reactions, a temperature optimum around 15 degrees C was found. Light activation of the ATPase occurred throughout the range studied. At 0 degrees C and in the presence of inorganic phosphate the activated state for AT...Continue Reading


Oct 1, 1977·FEBS Letters·U Schreiber, M Avron
Jun 5, 1979·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·M Avron, U Schreiber
Jun 15, 1975·FEBS Letters·Y ShahakM Avron
Apr 20, 1972·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·C Carmeli, Y Lifshitz
Jun 15, 1973·FEBS Letters·K G RienitsM Avron
Aug 31, 1973·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·B Bouges-Bocquet
Jan 18, 1974·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·B R Velthuys, J Amesz

Related Concepts

Fluorescence Spectroscopy
Methylphenazonium Methosulfate
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Respiratory Chain

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Synapse Loss as Therapeutic Target in MS

As we age, the number of synapses present in the human brain starts to decline, but in neurodegenerative diseases this occurs at an accelerated rate. In MS, it has been shown that there is a reduction in synaptic density, which presents a potential target for treatment. Here is the latest research on synapse loss as a therapeutic target in MS.

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging

Artificial intelligence (ai) techniques are increasingly applied to cardiovascular (cv) medicine in cardiac imaging analysis. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Social Learning

Social learning involves learning new behaviors through observation, imitation and modeling. Follow this feed to stay up to date on the latest research.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Single Cell Chromatin Profiling

Techniques like ATAC-seq and CUT&Tag have the potential to allow single cell profiling of chromatin accessibility, histones, and TFs. This will provide novel insight into cellular heterogeneity and cell states. Discover the latest research on single cell chromatin profiling here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.