Jan 1, 1995

Properties of enzymes involved in D-galactonate catabolism in fungi

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
A M ElshafeiO M Abdel-Fatah


Two enzymes catalyze the two step reactions in the D-galactonate nonphosphorolytic catabolic pathway of Aspergillus terreus, namely D-galactonate dehydratase and 2-keto-3-deoxy-D-galactonate (KDGal) aldolase. Maximum enzyme activities were obtained at 40 degrees C and pH 8.0 or at 50 degrees C and pH 7.5 for these two enzymes, respectively. Stability of the two enzymes under different conditions was investigated. From a Lineweaver-Burk plot of the reciprocal of initial velocities and substrate concentrations, apparent Km values were calculated for D-galactonate, pyruvate and glyceraldehyde and found to be 8.33, 14.28 and 5.55 mM, respectively, in crude cell-free extracts. Results indicated the requirement of magnesium cation for D-galactonate dehydratase activity at an initial concentrations of 10(-2) M. The presence of Mg2+ in the reaction mixture seems to induce greatly the fitness of the dehydratase with D-galactonate as no activity could be detected with 24-h dialyzed extract in the absence of magnesium cation.

Mentioned in this Paper

Aspergillus terreus antigen
Galactonate Dehydratase Activity
galactonic acid, monopotassium salt
Biochemical Pathway
Aspergillus terreus allergenic extract
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Pyruvate Measurement
Catabolic Process

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.