PMID: 4411Apr 1, 1976

Properties of rat lens phosphofructokinase

Investigative Ophthalmology
H M Cheng, L T Chylack

Abstract

Two interconvertible forms of phosphofructokinase (PFK) have been eluted from a DEAE-cellulose column from the supernatant fraction of rat lens homogenates centrifuged at 96,000 x g for 1 hour at 0 to 4 degrees C. The interconversion can be manipulated by a change in the pH of the extracting and eluting buffers. PFK-I is the dominant form at pH between 7.4 to 7.05, while PFK-II dominates at pH 7.4 to 8.2. PFK-II is believed to be the functional form; it is inhibited by high concentrations of ATP and the inhibitory effect is enhanced by more acidic pH. Fructose-6-phosphate counteracts ATP inhibition, but the most potent de-inhibitors are ADP and AMP. Among the inorganic ions tested, sulfate, phosphate, ammonium, and potassium also de-inhibit, whereas calcium further inhibits the enzyme. The behavior of PFK under physiologic conditions and the significance of the presence of two forms of PFK in the lens are discussed.

Related Concepts

Adenosine Triphosphate, Chromium Ammonium Salt
Quaternary Ammonium Compounds
Calcium
Fructosephosphates
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Lens, Crystalline
Liver
Magnesium
Myocardium
Orthophosphate

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