Aug 10, 1976

Properties of the guanylate cyclase-guanosine 3':5'-monophosphate system of rat renal cortex. Activation of guanylate cyclase and calcium-independent modulation of tissue guanosine 3':5'-monophosphate by sodium azide

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
F R DeRubertis, P A Craven

Abstract

The effects of sodium azide on guanylate cyclase activity of homogenates of rat renal cortex and on the guanosine 3':5'-monophosphate (cGMP) content of cortical slices were examined and compared to those of carbamylcholine and NaF. In complete Krebs-Ringer bicarbonate buffer containing 10 mM theophylline, tissue cGMP content was increased 5- to 6-fold by 0.05 mM carbamylcholine or 10 mM NaN3, and 3-fold by 10 mM NaF. Increases in cGMP were maximal in response to these concentrations of the agonists and occurred within 2 min. Exclusion of Ca2+ from the incubation media reduced basal cGMP by 50% in 20 min and abolished responses to carbamylcholine and NaF, while exclusion of Mg2+ was without effect. Analogous reductions in cGMP were observed in complete buffer containing 1 mM tetracaine, an agent which blocks movement of Ca2+ across and binding to biologic membranes. By contrast, exclusion of Ca2+ or addition of tetracaine did not alter relative cGMP responses to NaN3 (6-fold increase over basal), although levels were reduced in slices exposed to these buffers for 20 min. When slices were incubated without Ca2+ or with tetracaine for only 2 min prior to addition of agonists, basal cGMP did not decline. Under these conditions, bot...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Buffers
Guanosine
Manganese
Cations, Divalent
Calcium [EPC]
Cortex Bone Disorders
Tissue Membrane
Adrenal Cortex Diseases
Carboptic
Extracellular

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