PMID: 4259411Nov 1, 1971

Properties of the sarcolemmal calcium ion-stimulated adenosine triphosphatase of hamster skeletal muscle

The Biochemical Journal
D B McNamaraN S Dhalla

Abstract

1. A sarcolemmal fraction was isolated from hamster hind-leg skeletal muscles by successive treatment with lithium bromide and potassium chloride. The membranous fraction was observed to contain a highly active Ca(2+)-stimulated ATPase (adenosine triphosphatase), a Mg(2+)-stimulated ATPase, and an Na(+)+K(+)-stimulated Mg(2+)-dependent ouabain-sensitive ATPase. 2. The Ca(2+)-stimulated ATPase activity was pH-dependent, the optimum being pH7.6. 3. Optimum activation of this enzyme was obtained with 3-4mm-Ca(2+) when 4mm-ATP was present as a substrate, and was not influenced by Na(+), K(+) or ouabain, whereas 2,4-dinitrophenol, sodium azide, oligomycin, sodium fluoride and ethanedioxybis(ethylamine)tetra-acetate were inhibitory. 4. The Ca(2+)-stimulated ATPase was markedly inhibited by thiol-blocking reagents, and cysteine was able to reverse this inhibition. 5. Various bivalent cations stimulated ATP hydrolysis by the sarcolemmal fraction in the following decreasing order of potency: Mg(2+), Ca(2+), Mn(2+), Co(2+), Sr(2+), Ba(2+), Zn(2+), Cu(2+).

Citations

May 19, 1980·FEBS Letters·S VijayasarathyP Balaram
Jan 1, 1974·The Journal of Membrane Biology·V M Madeira, M C Antunes-Madeira
Jan 1, 1988·Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology·N S Dhalla, D Zhao

Related Concepts

DNA-dependent ATPase
Adenosine Triphosphate, Chromium Ammonium Salt
Azides
Calcium
Cysteine Hydrochloride
Dinitrophenols
Edetic Acid, Sodium Salt
Enzyme Activation
Fluorides
Cricetus

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.