Mar 9, 1976

Properties of the tetrodotoxin binding component in plasma membranes isolated from Electrophorus electricus

Biochemistry
J K Reed, M A Raftery

Abstract

The biochemical properties of the electrically excitable sodium channels in the electroplaque of Electrophorus electricus were investigated using tritiated tetrodotoxin (TTX) as a specific membrane probe. Membrane fragments from the electroplaque were isolated essentially by differential centrifugation and characterized with respect to the plasma membrane markers acetylcholine receptors, acetylcholinesterase, (Na+ + K+)ATPase, and [3H]TTX binding. Equilibrium binding studies showed that [3H]TTX bound to a single population of noninteracting receptor sites with an apparent dissociation constant of 6 +/- 1 X 10(-9) M. The toxin-membrane complex dissociated with a first-order rate constant of 0.012 sec-1. Studies on the pH dependence of complex formation demonstrated the requirement for an ionizable, functional group with a pK of 5.3 and this group has been shown to be a carboxyl. Treatment of the membranes with trimethyloxonium tetrafluoroborate, a carboxyl group modifying reagent, resulted in an irreversible loss in the binding of [3H]TTX, which could be prevented by low concentrations of TTX or saxitoxin. This decrease was due to a reduction in the total number of binding sites and not to a decrease in toxin binding affinities....Continue Reading

  • References32
  • Citations73

References

  • References32
  • Citations73

Mentioned in this Paper

Tissue Specificity
Tetrodotoxin
Receptors, Drug
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Sodium Chloride, (24)NaCl
Electrophorus
Cations, Monovalent
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Metazoa
Osmolality

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