PMID: 6305269Apr 1, 1983

Proposed mechanism for sensitization by hypochlorite treatment of Clostridium botulinum spores

Applied and Environmental Microbiology
P M Foegeding, F F Busta

Abstract

Hypochlorite-treated Clostridium botulinum 12885A spores, but not buffer-treated spores, could be germinated with lysozyme, indicating that their coats are made permeable to lysozyme by hypochlorite treatment so that the cortex is accessible. Hypochlorite-treated spores and spores extracted with 8 M urea-2-mercaptoethanol (pH 3.0) were sensitive to certain components of recovery media, but spores sensitized to lysozyme by other treatments were not. These data indicate that hypochlorite does more than increase coat permeability to lysozyme. Scanning electron microscopy revealed a more open-appearing surface of hypochlorite-treated spores, and sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis indicated that a greater amount of protein was removed from hypochlorite-treated and other lysozyme-sensitized spores than from buffer-treated spores. The data suggest that spore coat proteins may be removed by hypochlorite treatment, and this may be responsible for the sensitivity of spores and for their observed ability to germinate in lysozyme.

Citations

Feb 1, 1992·The Journal of Applied Bacteriology·S F Bloomfield, M Arthur
Jan 1, 1994·Society for Applied Bacteriology Symposium Series·S F Bloomfield, M Arthur
May 1, 1994·The Journal of Applied Bacteriology·S F Bloomfield, R Megid
Jul 21, 2010·Nanoscale·Johanna A HaggstromGeorge L Marchin

Related Concepts

Bacterial Proteins
Clostridium botulinum
Hypochlorite
Leftose
Spores, Bacterial

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