Dec 15, 2015

Proprioceptive feedback determines visuomotor gain in Drosophila

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Jan Bartussek, Fritz-Olaf Lehmann

Abstract

Multisensory integration is a prerequisite for effective locomotor control in most animals. Especially the impressive aerial performance of insects relies on rapid and precise integration of multiple sensory modalities that provide feedback on different time scales. In flies, continuous visual signalling from the compound eyes is fused with phasic proprioceptive feedback to ensure precise neural activation of wing steering muscles within narrow temporal phase bands of the stroke cycle. This phase-locked activation relies on mechanoreceptors distributed over wings and gyroscopic halteres. Here we investigate visual steering performance of tethered flying fruit flies with reduced haltere and wing feedback signalling. Using a flight simulator, we evaluated visual object fixation behaviour, optomotor altitude control, and saccadic escape reflexes. The behavioural assays show an antagonistic effect of wing and haltere signalling on visuomotor gain during flight. Compared to controls, suppression of haltere feedback attenuates while suppression of wing feedback enhances the animal's wing steering range. Our results suggest that the generation of motor commands owing to visual perception is dynamically controlled by proprioception. We...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Examination of Reflexes
Neuroma
Vision
Visual Perception
Sample Fixation
Drosophila
Motor Neurons
Evaluation
Visual Suppression
Cerebrovascular Accident

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