PMID: 7897712Mar 1, 1995Paper

Prospective comparison of two management strategies of central venous catheters in burn patients

The Journal of Trauma
G P KealeyR W Lewis


Central venous catheters (CVCs) are associated with sepsis in burn patients. This study was undertaken to compare two strategies of CVC management in patients with major burn injuries. Forty-two burn patients with major burn injuries were randomly assigned to undergo site change every 48 hours of the CVC or to undergo wire guide exchange of the CVC every 48 hours at the same site. Catheter insertion site, distance from the burn wound, cultures of catheter tips, and blood cultures were obtained from all patients in a prospective manner. There was no difference in the incidence of CVC sepsis between the two groups studied. CVCs inserted less than 5 cm from the burn wound developed bacterial contamination at an earlier time than CVCs inserted more than 5 cm from the burn wound. There was no advantage to changing the CVC insertion site every 48 hours. Changing the CVC using the wire guide technique did not prevent, nor predict, CVC bacterial contamination.


Jun 9, 1977·The New England Journal of Medicine·D G MakiH W Sarafin
Nov 1, 1976·Annals of Surgery·T W BaskinB A Pruitt
Feb 1, 1992·The Journal of Hospital Infection·A Johnson, B A Oppenheim
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Sep 1, 1985·Critical Care Medicine·W Samsoondar, J B Freeman
Oct 1, 1971·Archives of Surgery·J W Alexander
Mar 1, 1981·Annals of Surgery·F T PadbergB R Bistrian

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