Apr 1, 1993

Prospective evaluation of beta-cell function in insulin autoantibody-positive relatives of insulin-dependent diabetic patients

Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
J L NeifingJ P Palmer

Abstract

During the preclinical period of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), progression to clinical IDDM is characterized by declining beta-cell function. Although the presence of insulin autoantibodies (IAA) improves the ability of islet cell antibodies (ICA) to predict subsequent clinical IDDM, few studies have examined the risk of developing IDDM in subjects positive for IAA but negative for both ICA and antibodies to glutamic acid decarboxylase (64kA). To investigate this question, detailed beta-cell function tests (acute insulin response to glucose [AIRgluc] and slope of glucose potentiation) were performed on eight IAA-positive first-degree relatives of insulin-dependent diabetics. All eight subjects were negative for ICA, and seven were tested for 64kA and were negative. Five subjects were studied prospectively for 22.4 +/- 9.4 months, while three subjects had only initial studies. Initial beta-cell function tests were normal in each subject. AIRgluc was 122.2% +/- 19.0% of the expected normal response, while slope was 168.6% +/- 20.6% of expected normal response. beta-cell function remained normal and remarkably stable in the five subjects followed prospectively. AIRgluc did not significantly change from an initial val...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Arginine hydrochloride
Study
Autoantibodies
Laboratory Procedures
GAD1
Research Subject
Action Potentials
Determination Aspects
Glutamate Decarboxylase
Indoleacetic Acid Metabolic Process

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