Prospective randomized double-blind trial of racecadotril compared with loperamide in elderly people with gastroenteritis living in nursing homes

European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
L GallelliSalvatore Cucchiara

Abstract

Our aim was to compare the efficacy and tolerability of loperamide and racecadotril in elderly patients with acute diarrhea. We performed a randomized, prospective, double-blind, and parallel group design implemented in geriatric nursing homes in Catanzaro, Italy, from February 2008 to March 2009. Patients of both sexes were randomly allocated to receive either one tablet of racecadotril 100 mg every 8 h or two tablets of loperamide 2.0 mg followed by one tablet after each unformed stool, up to four tablets in any 24-h period. Patients were treated until recovery, defined as the production of two consecutive normal stools or no stool production for a period of 12 h. Normal stools were collected 36 +/- 4 h after the beginning of racecadotril and in 63 +/- 6 h from the beginning of loperamide administration (P < 0.01). The median time of abdominal pain in the intent-to-treat (ITT) population was 14 h for racecadotril and 28 h for loperamide. In the per-protocol (PP) population, the median time of abdominal pain was 14 h for racecadotril and 32 h for loperamide (P < 0.01). About the 50% of patients experienced at least one adverse event during the study: 12% in the racecadotril group and 60% in the loperamide group. The most frequ...Continue Reading

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