Protective effect of three xanthine derivatives (theophylline, caffeine and pentoxifylline) against the cyclosporin A-induced glomerular contraction in isolated glomeruli and cultured mesangial cells

Nephron
M PotierJ Cambar

Abstract

Cyclosporin A (CyA), an immunosuppressive agent, induces in vivo a severe nephrotoxicity with large decrease in renal hemodynamics correlated with in vitro glomerular contraction. The aim of this study is to show the ability of three xanthine derivatives, caffeine, theophylline and pentoxifylline, to diminish the CyA-induced in vitro glomerular contraction. The use of isolated glomeruli and cultured rat mesangial cells permits us to evaluate by quantitative and qualitative morphometric analysis the contraction elicited either with CyA alone or with previous treatment with nontoxic concentrations of xanthine derivatives. Indirect immunofluorescence of actin filaments makes it possible to appreciate qualitative morphometric changes in mesangial cells. A 10-min pretreatment with caffeine, theophylline or pentoxifylline (10(-4) to 10(-9) M) abolishes the contraction elicited with 10(-6) M CyA. CyA alone induces -13.9% compared to CyA with 10(-6) M pentoxifylline which induces only -3.2% of reduction of planar glomerulus surface area after 30 min. Similar results were provided with cultured rat mesangial cells. As shown by indirect immunofluorescence xanthine derivatives prevent the cytoskeletal reorganization (alpha-actin) of cultu...Continue Reading

Citations

Nov 28, 2012·European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology·Zahra Nasiri-ToosiMahboob Lessan-Pezeshki
Aug 1, 1999·Toxicology in Vitro : an International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA·H MirtoJ Cambar
Apr 21, 2005·Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation : Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association·Gwenn E McLaughlin, Carolyn L Abitbol
Jul 2, 2003·Pediatric Critical Care Medicine : a Journal of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies·Gwenn E McLaughlinJohn W Kuluz
Jun 26, 2007·Journal of Renal Nutrition : the Official Journal of the Council on Renal Nutrition of the National Kidney Foundation·Davide BolignanoMichele Buemi

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