Protective effects of cyclopiazonic acid on ischemia-reperfusion injury in rabbit hearts

Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Martin AvellanalSantos Barrigon

Abstract

The cardioprotective effects on myocardial ischemia of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA) inhibitor, cyclopiazonic acid (CPA), were studied. We used the isolated arterially perfused interventricular septum of the rabbit heart submitted to 30-min global ischemia/30-min reperfusion. Mechanical [maximal increase in resting tension (MIRT), and the recovery of developed tension (RDT)], and biochemical parameters [creatine phosphokinase activity (CPK) in the effluent] were analyzed. CPA, 1 microM, perfused 30 min before the ischemia intervention significantly increased RDT by 54% and lessened MIRT by 66%. CPA also decreased CPK in the perfusate by 67.7 and 71.4% at 0-2 and 5-7 min of reperfusion, respectively. No additional benefits were shown either when the drug was perfused, both during ischemia and reperfusion, or with higher CPA concentrations (10-30 microM). The CPA cardioprotection was lost when the drug was present only during the reperfusion period. CPA exhibits functional and biochemical cardioprotective effects on myocardial ischemia. We postulated a decreased SR calcium contribution to the initial cytoplasmic calcium overload as the most probable mechanism involved.

References

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Related Concepts

Ischemia
Myocardial Contraction
Calcium [EPC]
Ca(2+)-Transporting ATPase
Macro-Creatine Kinase
Calcium
Adenosine Triphosphatases
Myocardial Ischemia
Coronary Arteriosclerosis
ATP2A1

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