Sep 19, 2009

Protective effects of epigallocatechin gallate following 3-nitropropionic acid-induced brain damage: possible nitric oxide mechanisms

Psychopharmacology
Puneet Kumar, Anil Kumar

Abstract

The role of oxidative stress has been well known in neurodegenerative disorders. 3-Nitropropionic acid (3-NP) is a plant-based mycotoxin that produces HD like symptoms in animals. Oxidative stress and nitric oxide mechanisms have been recently proposed in the 3-NP-induced neurotoxicity. Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) is one of the major components of green tea, known for its potent antioxidant activity. Besides, neuroprotective effect of EGCG has also been suggested in different experimental models. The present study has been designed to examine possible effect of EGCG against 3-NP induced behavioral, oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, and striatal damage in rats and its possible interaction with nitric oxide modulators. Systemic 3-NP (10 mg/kg) administration for 14 days significantly reduced locomotor activity, body weight, grip strength, oxidative defense (raised levels of lipid peroxidation, nitrite concentration, depletion of antioxidant enzyme), and mitochondrial enzymes activity in striatum, cortex, and hippocampal regions of the brain. Fourteen days of EGCG pretreatment (10, 20, and 40 mg/kg) significantly attenuated behavioral alterations, oxidative damage, mitochondrial complex enzymes dysfunction, and stri...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Behavior, Animal
Alpha-Neurotoxins
Cortex Bone Disorders
Adrenal Cortex Diseases
Neostriatum
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Green Tea Extract
Antioxidant Effect
Brain
Degenerative Diseases, Spinal Cord

Related Feeds

Astrocytes and Neurodegeneration

Astrocytes are important for the health and function of the central nervous system. When these cells stop functioning properly, either through gain of function or loss of homeostatic controls, neurodegenerative diseases can occur. Here is the latest research on astrocytes and neurodegeneration.

Basal Ganglia

Basal Ganglia are a group of subcortical nuclei in the brain associated with control of voluntary motor movements, procedural and habit learning, emotion, and cognition. Here is the latest research.