PMID: 7435787Sep 1, 1980Paper

Protective immunity in murine schistosomiasis mansoni: evidence for two distinct mechanisms

The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
S R Smithers, K L Miller

Abstract

Techniques for recovering Schistosoma mansoni from the skin, lungs, and liver have enabled us to trace the attrition of a challenge infection in immune mice. Two separate phases of attrition were demonstrated. In mice which had developed immunity following exposure to 20 cercariae a major phase of attrition occurred between days 6 and 13, after the parasites had left the lungs, and only in mice which had been infected for 12 weeks or more did a minor phase of attrition occur in the skin. In contrast, mice which had been immunized by exposure to highly irradiated (20 kr) cercariae destroyed the majority of their reinfecting population in the skin. These results suggest that there are two distinct mechanisms of immunity to S. mansoni in mice. This view was strengthened by experiments in which both types of immune mice were challenged intravenously with 5-day-old lung schistosomula (a challenge which bypassed the skin). While the immunized mice were susceptible to the lung worm challenge, the infected mice were substantially resistant to it.

Citations

May 1, 1987·Revista Do Instituto De Medicina Tropical De São Paulo·S E Gerken, T A da Mota-Santos
Apr 1, 1982·European Journal of Immunology·S HorowitzR Arnon
Jan 1, 1986·Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene·A J SimpsonS R Smithers
Mar 1, 1985·Revista Do Instituto De Medicina Tropical De São Paulo·M O RochaR T Mello
Jan 1, 1985·Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene·A E ButterworthJ H Ouma

Related Concepts

Antibody-Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity
Cellular Immune Response
Liver
Lung
Mice, Inbred CBA
Schistosoma mansoni
Katayama Fever
Skin

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