PMID: 44625Oct 1, 1979

Protective role of Salmonella R mutants in Salmonella infection in mice (author's transl)

Zentralblatt Für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten Und Hygiene. Erste Abteilung Originale. Reihe A: Medizinische Mikrobiologie Und Parasitologie
S Schlecht, O Westphal

Abstract

NMRI mice were immunized with acetone-killed bacteria of 6 salmonella R mutants, 5 homologous and 6 heterologous Salmonella S forms and 3 E. coli R mutants. The animals were then challenged with graded amounts of live S. typhimurium. The results show that the protection obtained was dependent on the number of immunizing injections and on the time interval between them. Thus in the case of Salmonella R-mutants two immunizations increased the LD50 of challenge by an index of two (log 10) compaired to one immunization. A third immunization led to only a small further increase, the protection however, was longer lasting. A 3 fold immunization with two Salmonella typhimurium mutants, one SR- and one Ra form, led to a protection comparable to that obtained with S form bacteria. In contrast to the R-mutants, with Salmonella typhimurium S form a high degree of long-lasting protection was achieved already after a single immunization, and was not increased significantly by repeated injections. In animals immunized with Salmonella typhimurium S form the difference between non-lethal and 100% lethal challenge dose varied by a factor of 10 (one injection dose). In contrast, in animals immunized with Salmonella R mutants the above difference...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Microorganism
Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Vaccines, Attenuated
NMRI Mouse
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Antibody Titer Measurement
Acetone Measurement
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Salmonella

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