Proteinase activity and receptor cleavage: mechanism for insulin resistance in the spontaneously hypertensive rat.

Hypertension
F A DeLano, Geert W Schmid-Schönbein

Abstract

Arterial hypertension is associated with organ dysfunctions, but the mechanisms are uncertain. We hypothesized that enhanced proteolytic activity in the microcirculation of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) may be a pathophysiological mechanism causing cell membrane receptor cleavage and examine this for 2 different receptors. Immunohistochemistry of matrix-degrading metalloproteinases (matrix metalloproteinase [MMP]-9) protein shows enhanced levels in SHR microvessels, mast cells, and leukocytes compared with normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats. In vivo microzymography shows cleavage by MMP-1 and -9 in SHRs that colocalizes with MMP-9 and is blocked by metal chelation. SHR plasma also has enhanced protease activity. We demonstrate with an antibody against the extracellular domain that the insulin receptor-alpha density is reduced in SHRs, in line with elevated blood glucose levels and glycohemoglobin. There is also cleavage of the binding domain of the leukocyte integrin receptor CD18 in line with previously reported reduced leukocyte adhesion. Blockade of MMPs with a broad-acting inhibitor (doxycycline, 5.4 mg/kg per day) reduces protease activity in plasma and microvessels; blocks the proteolytic cleavage of the insulin rece...Continue Reading

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Citations

Sep 24, 2010·American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology·Angela Y ChenGeert W Schmid-Schönbein
Apr 20, 2010·American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology·Theodore J Kalogeris, Ronald J Korthuis
Apr 13, 2010·American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology·Stephen F RodriguesGeert W Schmid-Schönbein
Dec 15, 2010·American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology·Herbert H LipowskyAnne Lescanic
Apr 6, 2011·Journal of Vascular Research·Sheng TongGeert W Schmid-Schönbein
May 9, 2012·Journal of Leukocyte Biology·Angela Y ChenGeert W Schmid-Schönbein
Aug 31, 2013·Annals of Biomedical Engineering·Geert W Schmid-Schönbein, Marisol Chang
Sep 26, 2013·Microvascular Research·Naphatsanan Duansak, Geert W Schmid-Schönbein
Dec 1, 2011·Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering·Cécile PotGeert W Schmid-Schönbein
May 1, 2012·Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering·Angelina E AltshulerGeert W Schmid-Schönbein
Dec 7, 2010·Expert Review of Endocrinology & Metabolism·Frank A DelanoGeert W Schmid-Schönbein
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Nov 30, 2011·Drug Discovery Today. Disease Models·Luis A Martinez-Lemus, Edgar Luis Galiñanes
Nov 8, 2011·Drug Discovery Today. Disease Models·Herbert H Lipowsky
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Jul 1, 2014·Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology·Aline AzevedoRaquel F Gerlach
Jun 29, 2010·Electrophoresis·Roy B LefkowitzMichael J Heller
Jan 11, 2014·International Journal of Cardiology·Kazuhide OginoWolfram Doehner
Aug 31, 2014·Microvascular Research·Marco H SantamariaGeert W Schmid-Schönbein
Feb 14, 2009·American Journal of Hypertension·Kwok Leung OngBernard M Y Cheung
Oct 21, 2016·Journal of Periodontology·Aliye AkcalıNurcan Buduneli
Apr 20, 2017·The Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery·Marco Henry SantamariaErik B Kistler
Mar 21, 2018·Hypertension Research : Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension·Selma Cirrik, Geert W Schmid-Schönbein

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