PMID: 3676272Sep 8, 1987Paper

Proteins associated with untransformed estrogen receptor in vitro. Perturbation of hydrophobic interactions induces alterations in quaternary structure and exposure of the DNA-binding site

T W HutchensP K Besch


Estrogen receptors from calf uteri have been analyzed by high-performance size-exclusion chromatography, chromatofocusing, and DNA affinity chromatography using conditions designed to evaluate the relative contribution of hydrophobic interactions between the steroid-binding subunit and other receptor-associated proteins. The single large (untransformed) species of soluble estrogen-receptor consistently (n = 9) found in calf uteri displayed a rapid change in Stokes radius from 8.0 to 3.5 nm upon exposure to elevated ionic strengths (0.4 M KCl). However, equilibration of the estrogen-receptor complex into urea (up to 6 M) did not dissociate the untransformed receptor into the 3.5-nm receptor form (subunit) observed in hypertonic (0.4 M KCl) buffers. Exposure to 6 M urea did result in conversion of the untransformed receptor (8.0 nm) to a 6.0-6.5-nm receptor form not previously observed in either hypotonic or hypertonic buffers. In the presence of both 6 M urea and 0.4 M KCl, the untransformed estrogen-receptor complex was converted to a smaller receptor form intermediate in apparent size (4.5-5.0 nm) to that observed in 6 M urea or 0.4 M KCl alone. The formation of this 4.5-5.0-nm receptor form was partially estrogen dependent as...Continue Reading


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