Proteomic analysis of chondromodulin-I-induced differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells into chondrocytes

Journal of Proteomics
Shuang-Chun XingZhi-Qiang Wang

Abstract

To identify novel proteins that might help clarify the molecular mechanisms underlying chondromodulin-I (ChM-I) induction of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) differentiate into chondrocytes. MSCs are triggered to differentiate into chondrocytes, which are recognized as important factors in cartilage tissue engineering. ChM-I is a glycoprotein that stimulates the growth of chondrocytes and inhibits angiogenesis in vitro. In this study, the proteomic approach was used to evaluate protein changes between undifferentiated MSCs and ChM-I-transfected MSCs. The expression of the protein spots was analyzed using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Then, 14 protein spots were identified between MSCs and ChM-I-transfected MSCs. 309 proteins were identified using mass spectrometry (MS). The differentially regulated proteins were categorized and annotated using Protein Analysis Through Evolutionary Relationships (PANTHER) analysis with the aid of the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID) tool. These proteins are included in a variety of metabolic pathways and signal transduction pathways, such as focal adhesion, glycolysis, actin cytoskeleton regulation, and ribosome. These results demonstrate novel informat...Continue Reading

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