Protocol for a randomised controlled trial of nasal high flow oxygen therapy compared to standard care in patients following cardiac surgery: the HOT-AS study

International Journal of Nursing Studies
R ParkeA Jull

Abstract

Postoperative respiratory complications following cardiac surgery may increase morbidity, mortality and length of stay. Non-invasive respiratory support therapies can be used prophylactically or curatively to reduce respiratory complications. One system, nasal high flow oxygen therapy, is in use in many intensive care units (ICUs) however there is a lack of information regarding its clinical utility and efficacy. This paper outlines the study protocol and methodology for a study designed to determine if the prophylactic use of nasal high flow oxygen therapy can improve pulmonary function in patients following cardiac surgery. A prospective randomised controlled trial will be conducted of adult patients scheduled for cardiac surgery and admitted to the Cardiothoracic Intensive Care Unit of a tertiary hospital. Study participants will be assigned to receive either nasal high flow or standard oxygen therapy (oxygen therapy at 2-4 L/min via either simple facemask or nasal cannulae) at extubation. The primary outcome measure is improved pulmonary function demonstrated by SpO2/FiO2 ratio >445 on post-operative day 3. Secondary outcome measures include atelectasis score on chest X-ray; spirometry; readmission to ICU for respiratory ca...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Oxygen Therapy Care
Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures
Atelectasis
Clinical Trials
Cardiac Surgery Procedures
Hospitals
Intensive Care Unit
Patient Readmission
Chest X-ray
Respiratory Complication

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