PMID: 38247Sep 10, 1979

Proton magnetic resonance studies on Escherichia coli dihydrofolate reductase. Assignment of histidine C-2 protons in binary complexes with folates on the basis of the crystal structure with methotrexate and on chemical modifications

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
M PoeD A Matthews


The effects of pH upon the C-2 resonances of the 5 histidine residues of Escherichia coli MB 1428 dihydrofolate reductase in binary complexes with methotrexate, aminopterin, folate, methopterin, and trimethoprim were studied by 300-MHz 1H nmr spectroscopy. Three of the five histidine residues, labeled 1, 2, and 3, exhibited similar pK' values and chemical shifts for their C-2 protons in the five binary complexes. One histidine, 4, was quite different in the folate complex and the last histidine, 5 was quite different in the trimethoprim complex. For all five binary complexes, each histidine had a pK' which was significantly different from the other 4 histidines of that complex. Titration of the binary methotrexate complex of a 5,5'-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoate)-modified enzyme showed that 2 histidines were not perturbed by this modification of Cys 152, and that the alkaline form of histidine 2, the acid form of histidine 4, and, to a lesser extent, the acid form of histidine 3 were slightly perturbed. Titration of the binary methotrexate complex of a N-bromosuccinimide-modified enzyme demonstrated that this modification slightly affected all of the histidines and drastically affected histidine 5. Histidines 3 and 5 of the binary m...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

In Vivo NMR Spectroscopy
Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Protein Conformation
Tetrahydrofolate Dehydrogenase
Methotrexate, (DL)-Isomer
Polymorphism, Crystallization
Folic Acid, Sodium Salt
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration

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