PMID: 4144294Dec 1, 1972Paper

Proton translocation coupled to quinone reduction by reduced nicotinamide--adenine dinucleotide in rat liver and ox heart mitochondria

The Biochemical Journal
H G Lawford, P B Garland


Measurements were made of the stoicheiometry of proton-translocation coupled to NAD(P)H oxidation by several quinones (duroquinone, ubiquinone(0), ubiquinone(1), ubiquinone(2)) in mitochondria from rat liver and ox heart. Observed stoicheiometries of protons translocated per mol of NADH oxidized (-->H(+)/2e(-) ratios; Mitchell, 1966) ranged from 0.75 (rat liver mitochondria with ubiquinone(1)) to 1.55 (ox heart mitochondria with ubiquinone(1) or ubiquinone(2)). Only the rotenone-sensitive pathway of NADH oxidation by quinone was able to support proton translocation. Correction of the observed -->H(+)/2e(-) ratios for the loss of reducing equivalents to the rotenone-insensitive pathway increased their value to approx. 2.0. It is concluded that the rotenone-sensitive NADH- ubiquinone reductase activity of the respiratory chain may be organized in the mitochondrial membrane as a proton-translocating oxidoreduction loop. The number of such loops between NADH and ubiquinone is one, and not two, as initially proposed by Mitchell (1966).


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