Proximity proteomics identifies cancer cell membrane cis-molecular complex as a potential cancer target

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Norihiro KotaniKoichi Honke

Abstract

Cancer-specific antigens expressed in the cell membrane have been used as targets for several molecular targeted strategies in recent years with remarkable success. To develop more effective cancer treatments, novel targets and strategies for targeted therapies are needed. Here, we examined the cancer cell membrane-resident "cis-bimolecular complex" as a possible cancer target (cis-bimolecular cancer target: BiCAT) using proximity proteomics, a technique that has attracted attention in recent years. BiCATs were detected using a previously developed method, termed the enzyme-mediated activation of radical source (EMARS), to label the components proximal to a given cell membrane molecule. EMARS analysis identified some BiCATs, such as close homolog of L1 (CHL1), fibroblast growth factor 3 (FGFR3) and α2 integrin, which are commonly expressed in mouse primary lung cancer cells and human lung squamous cell carcinoma cells. Analysis of cancer specimens from 55 lung cancer patients revealed that approximately half of patients were positive for these BiCATs. In vitro simulation of effective drug combinations used for multiple drug treatment strategy was performed using reagents targeted to BiCAT molecules. The combination treatment ba...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Antigens
Malignant Neoplasms
Plasma Membrane
Drug Combinations
Pharmacotherapy
Combination Drug Therapy
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Lung
Proximal
Malignant Neoplasm of Lung
Enzyme Activity

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