PMID: 15484862Oct 16, 2004Paper

Psychic disorders in former prisoners of war

Medicinski Arhiv
Dragan Babić, Osman Sinanović

Abstract

To analyze the kind and the representation of psychic disorders in former prisoners of war and war veterans who were not detained in camps. The analyzed sample consisted of 160 respondents divided into two groups. A group of 100 former prisoners of war and a group of 60 war veterans who had not been detained in camps. All the respondents are males and were psychically in healthy condition prior to the war. The modified Harvard Trauma Questionnaire was used to diagnose traumatic experience, and a questionnaire according to the DSM IV criteria was used to diagnose posttraumatic stress disorder. The Depressiveness Scale D-92 was used to diagnose depressiveness; the questionnaire STAI was used to diagnose anxiety; CAGE Questionnaire was used to diagnose alcoholism. The former prisoners of war had traumatic experience at a higher level as compared to the war veterans who had not been detained in camps (P < 0.05). The symptoms of PTSD were manifested by 55% of camp inmates as compared to 33.3% of war veterans (P < 0.05). Depressive disorder was diagnosed in 52% of camp inmates and 31.7% of war veterans (P < 0.05). No statistically significant difference was found among the analyzed groups relating to anxiety and alcohol drinking. The...Continue Reading

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