PMID: 8267139Jan 1, 1994Paper

Psychological effects of torture: a comparison of tortured with nontortured political activists in Turkey

The American Journal of Psychiatry
M BaşoğluN Sarimurat

Abstract

The aim of the study was to investigate the long-term effects of torture in a group of former political prisoners. The study was carried out in Istanbul, Turkey, where 55 Turkish political activists who had been tortured were compared with a closely matched group of 55 activists who had not been tortured. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R, the Semistructured Interview for Survivors of Torture, and other self-rated and assessor-rated measures of anxiety, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were used. The tortured and the nontortured activists were similar in age, sex, marital and socioeconomic status, political ideology, political involvement, stressful life events other than torture, and other features. The torture survivors reported an average of 291 exposures to a mean of 23 forms of torture. The mean length of their imprisonment was 47 months. The survivors of torture had significantly more symptoms of PTSD and anxiety/depression than the nontortured comparison subjects, although their PTSD symptoms were only moderately severe and their general mood was normal. Despite the severity of their torture experiences, the survivors had only a moderate level of psychopathology. The results suggest that...Continue Reading

Citations

Aug 21, 2001·Aging & Mental Health·N Hunt, I Robbins
Oct 31, 2002·Human Psychopharmacology·Kurt Heininger
Oct 11, 2003·The Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis and Dynamic Psychiatry·Stanley Rosenman
Apr 3, 2004·The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease·Nompumelelo Zungu-DirwayiDan J Stein
Dec 1, 2007·American Journal of Public Health·Cathy ZimmermanCharlotte Watts
Apr 9, 2013·Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health·Cynthia L WillardMartha Lawless
Nov 7, 2016·Transcultural Psychiatry·Kirby Huminuik
May 27, 2017·The European Respiratory Journal·Metin Başoğlu
Dec 29, 1995·Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences·M A SmithR M Post
Feb 11, 1998·The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease·T H Holtz
Apr 1, 2004·American Journal of Public Health·James M JaransonJoseph Westermeyer
Sep 25, 2003·The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease·Mehdi GhazinourMartin Eisemann
Nov 10, 2005·Scandinavian Journal of Psychology·Pushpa KanagaratnamArve E Asbjørnsen
Nov 25, 2003·Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences·Ann-Charlotte HermanssonMikael Thyberg
Mar 16, 2005·British Medical Bulletin·Riadh T Abed
Jun 25, 2002·The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease·Ann-Charlotte HermanssonMikael Thyberg
Oct 20, 2006·Nordic Journal of Psychiatry·Gökay AksarayCem Kaptanoğlu
Mar 28, 2008·Trauma, Violence & Abuse·Julia M WhealinSteven Southwick
Dec 28, 2006·BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth·Anita J GagnonDonna E Stewart
Mar 30, 2016·Journal of Bioethical Inquiry·Danielle D Celermajer, Jack Saul
Oct 28, 2019·Journal of Traumatic Stress·Belinda J LiddellRichard A Bryant
Mar 17, 1999·Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne De Psychiatrie·M L Bowman
Aug 1, 1997·The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry·M Cunningham, J D Cunningham
Dec 31, 2002·European Psychiatry : the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists·Michael BruneDavid Eisenman
Aug 25, 2007·Annual Review of Clinical Psychology·Neil SchneidermanScott D Siegel
Aug 25, 2006·Journal of Traumatic Stress·Michael HollifieldJoseph Westermeyer
Jan 29, 2010·Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology·James E HoustonJamie Murphy
Aug 30, 2011·Conflict and Health·Anett Pfeiffer, Thomas Elbert
Sep 12, 2020·The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry·Belinda LiddellRichard A Bryant
Apr 16, 1998·The British Journal of Psychiatry : the Journal of Mental Science·C Gorst-Unsworth, E Goldenberg
Aug 13, 2002·Annual Review of Psychology·Richard J McNally
Aug 22, 2000·European Psychiatry : the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists·G AksarayM Ozaltin
Feb 14, 2009·The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease·Michael HollifieldJoseph Westermeyer
Apr 3, 2001·The British Journal of Psychiatry : the Journal of Mental Science·D KaminerN Zungu-Dirwayi
Aug 29, 2009·Journal of Interpersonal Violence·Joar Øveraas Halvorsen, Ashraf Kagee
May 6, 2011·The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease·Ira Gäbler, Andreas Maercker
Jan 20, 2016·Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health·A Michelle WrightJudith E Arnetz
Oct 19, 2005·European Journal of Public Health·Marie NorredamAllan Krasnik
Oct 24, 2002·Journal of Traumatic Stress·Antonella CrescenziJoop T V M de Jong

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Related Feeds

Anxiety Disorders

Discover the latest research on anxiety disorders including agoraphobia, panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder here.

Related Papers

JAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Association
M BaşoğluD Sahin
American Journal of Public Health
E F RothInge Genefke
Danish Medical Bulletin
Jakob Lykke, Mukti Nath Timilsena
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved