Nov 26, 2015

PTEN inhibition and axon regeneration and neural repair

Neural Regeneration Research
Yosuke OhtakeShuxin Li

Abstract

The intrinsic growth ability of all the neurons declines during development although some may grow better than others. Numerous intracellular signaling proteins and transcription factors have been shown to regulate the intrinsic growth capacity in mature neurons. Among them, PI3 kinase/Akt pathway is important for controlling axon elongation. As a negative regulator of this pathway, the tumor suppressor phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) appears critical to control the regenerative ability of young and adult neurons. This review will focus on recent research progress in axon regeneration and neural repair by PTEN inhibition and therapeutic potential of blocking this phosphatase for neurological disorders. Inhibition of PTEN by deletion in conditional knockout mice, knockdown by short-hairpin RNA, or blockade by pharmacological approaches, including administration of selective PTEN antagonist peptides, stimulates various degrees of axon regrowth in juvenile or adult rodents with central nervous system injuries. Importantly, post-injury PTEN suppression could enhance axonal growth and functional recovery in adult central nervous system after injury.

  • References51
  • Citations14

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Arsa
Biochemical Pathway
Research
Tumor Suppressor Genes
AKT1
Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases
Gene Knockdown Techniques
Regulation of Biological Process
Intracellular Signaling Proteins
Pten

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