Mar 17, 2004

Public access defibrillation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a community-based study

Circulation
Linda L CulleyMichael Copass

Abstract

The dissemination and use of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) beyond traditional emergency medical services (EMS) into the community has not been fully evaluated. We evaluated the frequency and outcome of non-EMS AED use in a community experience. The investigation was a cohort study of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest cases due to underlying heart disease treated by public access defibrillation (PAD) between January 1, 1999, and December 31, 2002, in Seattle and surrounding King County, Washington. Public access defibrillation was defined as out-of-hospital cardiac arrest treated with AED application by persons outside traditional emergency medical services. The EMS of Seattle and King County developed a voluntary Community Responder AED Program and registry of PAD AEDs. During the 4 years, 475 AEDs were placed in a variety of settings, and more than 4000 persons were trained in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and AED operation. A total of 50 cases of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest were treated by PAD before EMS arrival, which represented 1.33% (50/3754) of all EMS-treated cardiac arrests. The proportion treated by PAD AED increased each year, from 0.82% in 1999 to 1.12% in 2000, 1.41% in 2001, and 2.05% in 2002 (P=0.019, ...Continue Reading

  • References20
  • Citations40

References

  • References20
  • Citations40

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Ophthalmoplegia
Hospitalization
Incidence Studies
Community Health Services
Cardiopulmonary
Electroversion Therapy
Heart Diseases
Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest
Cardiac Arrest

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