Oct 16, 2014

A Chlorophyte alga utilizes alternative electron transport for primary photoprotection

bioRxiv
Núria Queralt RosinachLaura Inés Furlong

Abstract

Desmodesmus armatus is an emerging biofuel platform producing high amount of lipids and biomass in mass culture. We observed D. armatus in light-limiting, excess light and sinusoidal light environments to investigate its photoacclimation behaviors and the mechanisms by which it dissipates excess energy. Chlorophyll a:b ratios and the functional absorption cross section of photosystem II (PSII) suggested a constitutively small light harvesting antenna size relative to other green algae. In situ and ex situ measurements of photo-physiology revealed that nonphotochemical quenching (NPQ) is not a significant contributor to photoprotection, but cells do not suffer substantial photoinhibition despite its near absence. We performed membrane inlet mass spectrometry analysis to show that D. armatus has a very high capacity for alternative electron transport (AET) measured as light dependent oxygen consumption. Up to 90% of electrons generated at PSII can be dissipated by AET in a water-water cycle during growth in rapidly fluctuating light environments like those found in industrial scale photobioreactors. This work highlights the diversity of photoprotective mechanisms shown in algal systems, that NPQ is not necessarily required for ef...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Urised
Biomedical Engineering Field
Human gene
Gene Type
Extraction
Tracking
Literature
Bnk protein, Drosophila
Q Fever
Biomedicine

Related Feeds

Bioinformatics in Biomedicine (Preprints)

Bioinformatics in biomedicine incorporates computer science, biology, chemistry, medicine, mathematics and statistics. Discover the latest preprints on bioinformatics in biomedicine here.

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.

Related Papers

Journal of Plant Physiology
Reimund Goss, Bernard Lepetit
Photochemistry and Photobiology
Shaun Bailey, Arthur Grossman
Plant, Cell & Environment
Alexandra J TownsendAlexander V Ruban
The Plant Journal : for Cell and Molecular Biology
Erik H Murchie, Alexander V Ruban
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved