May 15, 1995

Pulmonary and left ventricular decompression by artificial pulmonary valve incompetence during percutaneous cardiopulmonary bypass support in cardiac arrest

K H ScholzG Hellige


In cardiac arrest, use of percutaneous cardiopulmonary bypass support (PCPS) may lead to left ventricular loading, with deleterious effects on the myocardium, and is often accompanied by an increase in pulmonary artery pressure. The present study was designed to assess the potential of artificially induced pulmonary valve incompetency to retrogradely decompress the left ventricle during PCPS in ventricular fibrillation. Studies were performed using a standardized experimental animal model in sheep (n = 12; body weight, 77 to 112 kg). When PCPS was used during fibrillation, an increase in left ventricular pressure (from 21.4 +/- 5.0 mm Hg after 1 minute to 28.4 +/- 9.5 mm Hg after 10 minutes of fibrillation) was observed in all animals, with a simultaneous increase in pulmonary artery pressure in 6 animals, from 15.5 +/- 3.8 to 24.3 +/- 5.4 mm Hg (group A). In these animals, artificial pulmonary valve incompetency, which was induced by a special "pulmonary valve spreading catheter," led to effective decompression of both the pulmonary circulation (decrease in pulmonary artery pressure from 24.3 to 11.3 mm Hg) and the left ventricle (decrease in left ventricular pressure from 30.5 to 17.7 mm Hg). We simultaneously measured a decr...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Ventricular Fibrillation
Decompression Sickness
Mitral Valve
Left Ventricular Structure
Weighing Patient
Pulmonary Valve Structure
Dall Sheep

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