Apr 1, 1989

Pulmonary fibrosis and antioxidant agents

Nihon Kyōbu Shikkan Gakkai zasshi
K Takahashi

Abstract

Lung inflammatory cells in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is characterized by an increased spontaneous production of oxidants. This suggests that the oxidants may play a role in causing the epithelial cell injury in the early stage of IPF. Bleomycin (BLM) induces pulmonary fibrosis by oxidant production. We tested the hypothesis that a dietary supplement of vitamin E (VE) may protect against, and its deficiency may exacerbate, BLM-induced pulmonary fibrosis. Because the hamster is known to be the best model among animals studied mimicking human lung antioxidant enzyme activities, Syrian Golden hamsters were used in this study. In dietary VE supplement and BLM treated group (Ead.B), mean serum VE concentration increased by about 3 times that of control (C) and the BLM treated group (CB). Despite the remarkably high VE content, no significant difference was found between CB and Ead.B for pressure-volume (PV) curves and morphological data. In BLM treated with dietary VE deficient group (Ede.B), serum VE concentrations markedly decreased on all experimental days compared with other groups. Mechanical properties in P-V curves of Ede.B showed most less distensible characteristics in early stage and most distensible characteristi...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Mesocricetus auratus
Pulmonary Emphysema
Bloom Syndrome
Lung
Dietary Supplement Marketing Category
Antioxidants
Pulmonary Fibrosis
Hamsters
Vitamin E Assay
Lipid Peroxides

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