PMID: 7184527Dec 1, 1982Paper

Pulmonary gas exchange and ventilation during hemodialysis

Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research = Revista Brasileira De Pesquisas Médicas E Biológicas
H RomaldiniO R Ratto

Abstract

Hemodialysis-induced hypoxemia has been explained by several mechanisms: pulmonary microembolization, decreased pulmonary diffusing capacity, fall in alveolar oxygen tension, hypoventilation and ventilation/perfusion abnormalities. The objective of this study was to analyze the factors influencing pulmonary ventilation and gas exchange of 20 patients with chronic renal failure during hemodialysis performed under the following conditions: Group 1 (9 patients) dialyzed against an acetate dialysate with a cuprophan membrane; Group 2 (7 patients) dialyzed against acetate bubbled with CO2 with a cuprophan membrane; Group 3 (4 patients) similar to Group 1, but using a polyacrylonitrile membrane. Arterial and venous blood samples were obtained from the respective lines during the predialysis period (zero), at 30, 60, 120 180 and 240 min of hemodialysis, and 60 min post dialysis (300 min) for the measurement of pH, PCO2, PO2, HCO-3 and total CO2. The minute expired volume (VE), expired fractions of O2 (FEO2) and CO2 (FECO2), O2 consumption (VO2), CO2 elimination through the lungs (VCO2) and dialyzer, respiratory exchange ratio (R), dead space to tidal volume ratio (VD/VT), alveolar ventilation (VA) and alveolar-arterial O2 difference (...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Hemodialysis
Kidney Failure, Chronic
Renal Dialysis Machine
Pulmonary Gas Exchange
Respiration
Ventilation-Perfusion Ratio

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