Aug 30, 2008

Pulmonary gas exchange response to exercise- and mannitol-induced bronchoconstriction in mild asthma

Journal of Applied Physiology
P A MuñozRoberto Rodriguez-Roisin

Abstract

Both exercise (EIB) and mannitol challenges were performed in asthmatic patients to assess and compare their pulmonary gas exchange responses for an equivalent degree of bronchoconstriction. In 11 subjects with EIB [27 +/- 4 (SD) yr; forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1)), 86 +/- 8% predicted], ventilation-perfusion (Va/Q) distributions (using multiple inert gas elimination technique) were measured 5, 15, and 45 min after cycling exercise (FEV(1) fall, 35 +/- 12%) and after mannitol (33 +/- 10%), 1 wk apart. Five minutes after EIB, minute ventilation (Ve; by 123 +/- 60%), cardiac output (Qt, by 48 +/- 29%), and oxygen uptake (Vo2; by 54 +/- 25%) increased, whereas arterial Po2 (Pa(O2); by 14 +/- 11 Torr) decreased due to moderate Va/Q imbalance, assessed by increases in dispersions of pulmonary blood flow (log SD(Q); by 0.53 +/- 0.16) and alveolar ventilation (log SD(V); by 0.28 +/- 0.15) (dimensionless) (P < 0.01 each). In contrast, for an equivalent degree of bronchoconstriction and minor increases in Ve, Qt, and Vo2, mannitol decreased Pa(O2) more intensely (by 24 +/- 9 Torr) despite fewer disturbances in log SDQ (by 0.27 +/- 0.12). Notwithstanding, mannitol-induced increase in log SDV at 5 min (by 0.35 +/- 0.15) was simil...Continue Reading

  • References32
  • Citations18

References

  • References32
  • Citations18

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Expiratory Airflow
Dioxygen
Bronchospasm, Exercise-Induced
Inhalation of Drugs
(L)-Mannitol
Imbalance
Lung
Alveolar
Uptake
Oxygen Measurement, Partial Pressure, Arterial

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