PMID: 39624Jun 19, 1979

Purification and characterisation of alpha-L-fucosidase from human placenta. pH-dependent changes in molecular size

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
B M Turner


alpha-L-Fucosidase has been purified 12 000 fold from human placenta. The enzyme is a glycoprotein containing, by weight: 0.9% galactose; 1.9% mannose, 1.9% N-acetylglucosamine and 1.9% N-acetylneuraminic acid. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulphate separated proteins with molecular weights ot 55 000, 51 400 and 25 000. Resolution of the two larger protein bands varied with the gel system and these proteins may differ only in carbohydrate content. Gel filtration of te purified enzyme failed to separate the three proteins. Treatments with the cross-linking reagent dimethyl suberimidate prior to electrophoresis, resulted in a diminution of the original protein bands and the formation of oligomers with molecular weights of 80 000, 100 000, 130 000, and 144 000. These results suggest that the heavy (55 000 and 51 400) and light (25 000) proteins are structurally associated. The molecular weight of the native enzyme, measured by gel filtration, was dependent on the pH of the eluting buffer. At pH 5.0 or 6.0 a catalytically active peak was observed, with a molecular weight of 305 000. At pH 7.5 this peak was completely absent and the enzyme eluted as an asymmetrical peak with an apparent molecul...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Galactose Measurement
Placenta Specimen
Dimethyl Suberimidate
Gel Chromatography
Purification Aspects

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