PMID: 2971873May 1, 1988

Purification and characterization of a Ca2+/Mg2+ ecto-ATPase from rat heart sarcolemma

Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
B S Tuana, N S Dhalla


The Ca2+/Mg2+ ATPase of the rat heart sarcolemmal particles was solubilized with Triton X-100 after treating the membranes with trypsin and purified by high speed centrifugation, ammonium sulfate fractionation, hydrophobic chromatography and gel filtration. The purified enzyme was seen as a single protein band in non-denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and its molecular weight by gel filtration was found to be about 240,000. The enzyme utilized Ca-ATP or Mg-ATP as a substrate with high affinity sites (Km = 0.12-0.16 mM) and low affinity sites (Km = 1 mM). The enzyme also utilized CTP, GTP, ITP, UTP and ADP as substrates but at a lower rate in comparison to ATP. The enzyme was activated by Ca2+ (Ka = 0.4 mM) and Mg2+ (Ka = 0.2 mM) as well as by other cations in the order Ca2+ greater than Mg2+ greater than Mn2+ greater than Sr2+ greater than Ba2+ greater than Ni2+ greater than Cu2+. The ATPase activity in the presence of Ca2+ was markedly inhibited by Mg2+, Mn2+, Ni2+ and Cu2+ whereas the monovalent cations such as Na+ and K+ were without effect. The enzyme did not exhibit Ca2+ stimulated Mg2+ dependent ATPase activity and was insensitive to calmodulin, ouabain, verapamil, D-600, oligomycin, azide and vanadate. Optimum...Continue Reading


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