PMID: 2971873May 1, 1988

Purification and characterization of a Ca2+/Mg2+ ecto-ATPase from rat heart sarcolemma

Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
B S Tuana, N S Dhalla

Abstract

The Ca2+/Mg2+ ATPase of the rat heart sarcolemmal particles was solubilized with Triton X-100 after treating the membranes with trypsin and purified by high speed centrifugation, ammonium sulfate fractionation, hydrophobic chromatography and gel filtration. The purified enzyme was seen as a single protein band in non-denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and its molecular weight by gel filtration was found to be about 240,000. The enzyme utilized Ca-ATP or Mg-ATP as a substrate with high affinity sites (Km = 0.12-0.16 mM) and low affinity sites (Km = 1 mM). The enzyme also utilized CTP, GTP, ITP, UTP and ADP as substrates but at a lower rate in comparison to ATP. The enzyme was activated by Ca2+ (Ka = 0.4 mM) and Mg2+ (Ka = 0.2 mM) as well as by other cations in the order Ca2+ greater than Mg2+ greater than Mn2+ greater than Sr2+ greater than Ba2+ greater than Ni2+ greater than Cu2+. The ATPase activity in the presence of Ca2+ was markedly inhibited by Mg2+, Mn2+, Ni2+ and Cu2+ whereas the monovalent cations such as Na+ and K+ were without effect. The enzyme did not exhibit Ca2+ stimulated Mg2+ dependent ATPase activity and was insensitive to calmodulin, ouabain, verapamil, D-600, oligomycin, azide and vanadate. Optimum...Continue Reading

Citations

Jan 1, 1995·Pflügers Archiv : European journal of physiology·A U ZiganshinG Burnstock
Aug 10, 1990·Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry·R Mahey, S Katz
Jun 7, 1995·Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry·N VrbjarA Ziegelhoffer
Aug 1, 1996·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Physiology·A U ZiganshinG Burnstock
May 1, 1995·Veterinary Parasitology·J H Wani, V M Srivastava
Jun 1, 1994·International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the International Society for Developmental Neuroscience·A Kittel, E Bácsy
May 10, 2001·Cell Structure and Function·A BouchotJ M Pinon

Related Concepts

NTPDase2
DNA-dependent ATPase
Ca(2+)-Transporting ATPase
Metazoa
Cyclic AMP-Phosphodiesterase Activator
Cations
Chromatography, Affinity
Molecular Sieve Chromatography
Synthetic Detergent
SDS-PAGE

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a rare rheumatic disease that affects children. Symptoms include joint pain, but also fevers and skin rashes. Here is the latest on this disease.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia

Pontocerebellar hypoplasias are a group of neurodegenerative autosomal recessive disorders with prenatal onset, atrophy or hypoplasia of the cerebellum, hypoplasia of the ventral pons, microcephaly, variable neocortical atrophy and severe mental and motor impairments. Here is the latest research on pontocerebellar hypoplasia.

Cell Atlas Along the Gut-Brain Axis

Profiling cells along the gut-brain axis at the single cell level will provide unique information for each cell type, a three-dimensional map of how cell types work together to form tissues, and insights into how changes in the map underlie health and disease of the GI system and its crosstalk with the brain. Disocver the latest research on single cell analysis of the gut-brain axis here.

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive degenerative disease that occurs in individuals that suffer repetitive brain trauma. Discover the latest research on traumatic encephalopathy here.