PMID: 2179198Jan 1, 1990

Purification and characterization of cellulolytic enzymes produced by Aspergillus nidulans

The Journal of Applied Bacteriology
P S BaggaS Sharma


Three exo-glucanases, two endo-glucanases and two beta-glucosidases were separated and purified from the culture medium of Aspergillus nidulans. The optimal assay conditions for all forms of cellulase components ranged from pH 5.0 to 6.0 and 50 degrees C and 65 degrees C for exo-glucanases and endo-glucanases but 35 degrees C and 65 degrees C for beta-glucosidases. A close relation of enzyme stability to their optimal pH range was observed. All the cellulase components were stable for 10 min at 40-50 degrees C. Exo-II and Exo-III (Km, 38.46 and 37.71 mg/ml) had greater affinity for the substrate than Exo-I (Km, 50.00 mg/ml). The Km values of Endo-I and Endo-II (5.0 and 4.0 mg/ml) and their maximum reaction velocities (Vmax, 12.0 and 10.0 IU/mg protein) were comparable. beta-Glucosidases exhibited Km values of 0.24 and 0.12 mmol and Vmax values of 8.00 and 0.67 IU/mg protein. The molecular weights recorded for various enzyme forms were: Exo-I, 29,000; Exo-II, 72,500; Exo-III, 138,000; Endo-I, 25,000; Endo-II, 32,500; beta-Gluco-I, 14,000 and beta-Gluco-II, 26,000. Exo- and endo-glucanases were found to require some metal ions as co-factors for their catalytic activities whereas beta-glucosidases did not. Hg2+ inhibited the activ...Continue Reading


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