Mar 1, 1985

Purification and characterization of four isolectins of mushroom (Agaricus bisporus)

Biological Chemistry Hoppe-Seyler
S SueyoshiT Osawa


Four lectins were purified from a mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) by ammonium sulfate fractionation, anion-exchange chromatography, affinity chromatography on bovine submaxillary mucin-Sepharose 4B and preparative isoelectric focusing. They were designated as ABA-I (pI 6.70), II (pI 5.98), III (pI 5.69) and IV (pI 5.53). Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of each lectin in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate gave a single band with an apparent molecular mass of 16 000 Da. Sedimentation equilibrium analysis suggested that each lectin is a tetramer of subunits. The four lectins were found to have quite similar carbohydrate-binding specificities. The hemagglutination activities of the lectins were effectively inhibited by bovine and porcine submaxillary mucins (BSM and PSM), and NH2-terminal glyco-octapeptides obtained by cyanogen bromide cleavage of human erythrocyte glycophorin A. In addition, desialylated PSM-glycopeptides were more potent inhibitors than untreated PSM-glycopeptides. Among monosaccharides and their glycosides, only methyl N-acetyl-alpha-galactosaminide inhibited lectin binding at a high concentration, but a synthetic oligosaccharide, O-beta-galactopyranosyl-(1----3)-O-(2-acetamido-2-deoxy-alpha-D- galactopyrano...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Hemagglutination Inhibition Tests
Transferrin C
Glycophorin E
Transferrin B

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