Jan 1, 1989

Purification and characterization of hepatic steroid hydroxylases from untreated rainbow trout

Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
C L MirandaD R Buhler

Abstract

Purification of cytochrome P450 from liver microsomes of untreated juvenile male rainbow trout yielded five fractions designated LMC1 to LMC5. All fractions, except LMC4 and LMC5, appeared homogeneous on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and showed minimum molecular weights of 50,000 (LMC1), 54,000 (LMC2), 56,000 (LMC3), 58,000 (LMC4), and 59,000 (LMC5). Specific contents ranged from 2.8 (LMC3) to 14.9 (LMC5) nmol heme/mg protein. The catalytic activity of LMC1, LMC2, and LMC5 toward various substrates was examined. LMC2 exhibited the highest estradiol 2-hydroxylase activity and progesterone 16 alpha-hydroxylase activity. LMC2 also was most active in the metabolic activation of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). In contrast, LMC5 was most active in catalyzing the 6 beta- and 16 beta-hydroxylation of testosterone and the 6 beta-hydroxylation of progesterone. LMC1 showed the highest lauric acid hydroxylase activity. The three isozymes tested had low activity (for LMC2 and LMC5) or no activity (for LMC1) toward benzphetamine or benzo[a]pyrene. Polyclonal antibodies to all five isozymes were raised in rabbits and the antibodies were used to examine the contribution of the P450s to microsomal enzyme activities. The results...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Testosterone Measurement
Steroid 16-alpha-Hydroxylase
SDS-PAGE
Cytochrome P450
Chromatography
Cell Respiration
Estradiol Measurement
Progesterone
Xenobiotic Monooxygenases

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.