Nov 9, 1982

Purification and characterization of liver microsomal cytochromes p-450: electrophoretic, spectral, catalytic, and immunochemical properties and inducibility of eight isozymes isolated from rats treated with phenobarbital or beta-naphthoflavone

F P GuengerichL S Kaminsky


Eight different forms of cytochrome P-450 (P-450) were purified to electrophoretic homogeneity by a common procedure from liver microsomes of rats treated with phenobarbital or beta-naphthoflavone. Antibodies were prepared to seven of these forms in rabbits. The eight P-450s were distinguished by spectral properties of the ferric, ferrous, and ferrous carbonyl forms, apparent monomeric molecular weights, peptide mapping, immunological reactivity as discerned by double-diffusion immunoprecipitin analysis and crossed immunoelectrophoresis, and catalytic activities toward the substrates acetanilide, aminopyrine, aniline, benzo[a]-pyrene, d-benzphetamine, N,N-dimethylnitrosamine, 7-ethoxycoumarin, 7-ethoxyresorufin, ethylmorphine, p-nitroanisole, testosterone, and (R)- and (S)-warfarin. Crossed sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel immunoelectrophoresis was used to estimate the levels of each of the eight forms of P-450 present in the liver microsomes of untreated rats and rats treated with phenobarbital, 5,6-benzoflavone, pregnenolone-16 alpha-carbonitrile, isosafrole, or the polychlorinated biphenyl mixture Aroclor 1254. In each situation, the sum of the levels of these eight P-450s was at least as high as the spectrally dete...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

August Rats
Cytochrome P-450 Oxygenase
Microsomes, Liver
Substrate Specificity

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