PMID: 36374May 1, 1979

Purification and characterization of rat pepsinogens whose contents increase with developmental progress

Journal of Biochemistry
N Muto, S Tani

Abstract

Two pepsinogens, the contents of which increase with developmental progress, were purified from the gastric mucosa of the adult rat by ammonium sulfate fractionation and chromatography on DEAE-cellulose and DEAE-Sepharose CL-6B columns. The purified zymogens, designated as pepsinogens I and II, were each shown to be homogeneous by polyacrylamide gel disc electrophoresis. Pepsinogen II had a greater electrophoretic mobility toward the anode at pH 8.0 than pepsinogen I. The molecular weights of both zymogens were estimated to be 38,000 by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The activated enzymes, pepsins I and II, each had the same molecular weight of 32,000. The pH optima for both enzymes were found to be 2.0. The enzymes showed high stabilities at pH 8.0, while they lost their activities within 60 min at pH 10.0. The enzymes were inhibited by pepstatin and diazoacetyl-DL-norleucine methyl ester (DAN). The activities of the enzymes in hydrolyzing N-acetyl-L-phenylalanyl-3,5-diiodo-L-tyrosine (APDT) were about 1/8 of that of porcine pepsin. These results suggest that pepsins I and II are very similar.

Related Concepts

Drug Stability
Structure of Pyloric Gland
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Alloenzymes
Pepsin 3
Pepsinogen B

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.