PMID: 590942Dec 1, 1977

Purification and characterization of the DNA-dependent RNA polymerase and its subunit sigma from Micrococcus luteus

Hoppe-Seyler's Zeitschrift für physiologische Chemie
U I LillG R Hartmann


DNA-dependent RNA polymerase from Micrococcus luteus can be isolated from cell extracts after removal of an excess of nucleic acids by fractionation with ammonium sulfate, followed by two consecutive gel filtrations through agarose and chromatography on cellulose phospate. Either homogeneous holoenzyme or a mixture of core and holoenzyme is obtained in this way, as is indicated by electrophoresis in polyacrylamide gels in the absence of detergent, where core enzyme migrates ahead of holoenzyme. Homogeneous core enzyme can be isolated from holoenzyme by chromatography on DEAE-cellulose. Core enzyme contains the subunits alpha, beta and beta' previously described [U.I. Lill et al., (1975) Eur. J. Biochem. 52, 411-420] in a molar ratio of 2:1:1. Holoenzyme contains an additional subunit sigma of 80 000 molecular weight (molar subunit composition alpha2 betabeta' sigma) and two relatively small polypeptides (molecular weight 14 000 and 25 000, respectively). Subunit sigma may be isolated from holoenzyme by chromatography on DEAE-cellulose at pH 6.9 in the presence of low concentrations of glycerol. The behaviour of holoenzyme during sedimentation in a glycerol gradient at low ionic strength indicates its occurrence as a dimer of th...Continue Reading


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