Aug 12, 1976

Purification and characterization of the two molecular forms of Aspergillus oryzae acid protease

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
Y Tsujita, A Endo


The isolation and partial characterization of the acid proteases A1 and A2 (EC3.4.23.6) from Aspergillus oryzae grown on solid bran culture are described. The purified preparations were essentially homogeneous by several criteria including sedimentation analysis and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The physiochemical properties of the proteases A1 and A2 were as follows (in the order: A1, A2): molecular weight: 63 000 & 32 000; sedimentation coefficient s20, w: 3.93 and 3.16 S; diffusion constant D20, w, 5.63 - 10(-7) and 8.61 - 10(-7) CM2/S, partial specific volume, v: 0.73 ml/g for both; nitrogen content: 16.30 and 13.42%; E1% 1 cm at 280 nm: 5.9 and 11.1. The two enzymes had the same pH optima in the acid pH range, and both activated bovine pancreatic trypsinogen. The enzymes were essentially of the same amino acid composition and immunologically cross-reacted with each other. The protease A2 contained little or no carbohydrate, whereas the protease A1 was glycoprotein, containing 49% carbohydrate comprising glucose, mannose, and galactose. These results suggest that the protein portion of acid protease A1 is the same as that of acid protease A2.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Galactose Measurement
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Peptide Hydrolases
Aspergillus flavus var. oryzae
Bos taurus
Hot Temperature
Proteolytic Enzyme

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