Apr 25, 1989

Purification and characterization of carboxypeptidase from terminally differentiated rat epidermal cells

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
M KikuchiW L Epstein


A tissue carboxypeptidase-A-like enzyme was purified to apparent homogeneity from terminally differentiated epidermal cells of 2-day-old rats by potato inhibitor affinity chromatography followed by FPLC Mono Q column chromatography. The enzyme has an Mr of 35,000 as determined by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and HPLC gel filtration. It has a pH optimum of 8.5 for hydrolysis of benzyloxycarbonyl-Phe-Leu (Km = 0.22 mM, kcat = 57.9 s-1). The enzyme does not hydrolyze substrates with Arg, Lys and Pro at the C-terminal and Pro at the penultimate position. Angiotensin I was effectively hydrolyzed (Km = 0.06 mM, kcat = 6.48 s-1) and produced both des-Leu10-angiotensin I and angiotensin II. The enzyme activity, relatively stable at 4 degrees C and pH 8.0-10.5, was inactivated at pH values higher than 12.0 and lower than 5.0 or at 65 degrees C for 10 min. Inhibitor profiles of the epidermal enzyme also differed slightly from those of tissue carboxypeptidase A of pancreatic or mast cell origin.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Fast Protein Liquid Chromatography
Carboxypeptidase A5
Tissue Carboxypeptidase A Activity
Carboxy-Terminal Amino Acid
Mast Cell
August Rats
Cell Differentiation Process
Angiotensin I Assay
Gel Chromatography

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