PMID: 5441Apr 10, 1976

Purification and properties of a highly potent antitumor glutaminase-asparaginase from Pseudomonas 7Z.

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
J Roberts

Abstract

Crystalline glutaminase-asparaginase which is effective against solid as well as ascites tumors was prepared from soil isolate organism Pseudomonas 7A. This enzyme has a ration of Vmax for L-glutamine and L-asparagine of 2.0. The presence of glutamic acid in the growth medium is essential for optimal enzyme production and glucose inhibits the production of glutaminase-asparaginase. The purification procedure provides an overall yield of 40 to 45% from crude cell extract to homogeneous glutaminase-asparaginase and is adaptable to large scale production of the enzyme. The specific activity of homogeneous enzyme is 160 +/- 15 i.u./mg of protein and the E1% 280 is 9.8. No disulfide or sulfhydryl groups appear to be present on the enzyme. The isoelectric point of glutaminase-asparaginase by isoelectric focusing on ampholine polyacrylamide gel plates is 5.8. The Km values for L-glutamine and L-asparagine are 4.6 and 4.4 X 10(-6) M, respectively. The enzyme catalyzes the hydrolysis of the D isomers of glutamine and asparagine at 87 and 69% the rate of the respective L isomers. L-Glutamic acid gamma-monohydroxamate is hydrolyzed at approximately the same rate as L-glutamine. The enzyme is not inhibited by ethylenediaminetetraacetate (0...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Amino Acids
Metazoa
Antineoplastic Agents
Asparaginase medac
Polymorphism, Crystallization
Phosphate-Activated Glutaminase
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Kinetics
Mice, Inbred Strains
Pseudomonas

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