Sep 6, 1976

Purification and properties of alkaline ribonuclease from human serum

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
K AkagiM Yamanaka


1. Five alkaline ribonucleases (EC were purified about 140- to 1900-fold from human serum by phosphocellulose and DEAE-cellulose chromatographies and Sephadex G-75 filtration, with a total recovery of 22%. These were designated as RNAases 1-5. 2. Optimum activities were observed at pH 8.5-8.7 for RNAases 1-4, and at pH 7.5 for RNAase 5. The molecular weights of these enzymes were estimated by gel filtration as 45 000, 32 000, 20 000, 13 000 and 8500, respectively. 3. These RNAases were found to be heat-labile proteins but are markedly stabilized with bovine plasma albumin. The reaction was activated by Na+, K+, Mg2+ and Ca2+, and inhibited by Co2+, Fe2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+. EDTA had little effect on the velocity of the reaction. Spermine caused 2- to 7-fold activation. 4. Among the substrates examined, these RNAases preferentially hydrolyzed pyrimidine bodies and except for RNAase 5 had a higher affinity for poly(C) than poly(U) as substrate. Each enzyme was free from other nucleolytic enzymes and hydrolyzed only RNA.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Structure-Activity Relationship
Chromatography, DEAE-Cellulose
Hot Temperature
Alkaline Ribonuclease
Drug Stability
Ion-Exchange Chromatography Procedure
Molecular Sieve Chromatography

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