Jan 23, 1976

Purification and properties of an alpha-amylase inhibitor from wheat

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
M D O'Donnell, K F McGeeney


Four inhibitors of alpha-amylase (EC were separated from an alcohol extract of wheat by ion-exchange chromatography on DE52-cellulose. One inhibitor, which showed the greatest specificity for human salivary amylase relative to human pancreatic amylase, has been purified by the following steps: (a) alcohol fractionation (60--90%) of water extract (b) ion-exchange chromatography on QAE-Sephadex A-50; (c) re-chromatography on DE52-cellulose and (d) gel filtration on Sephadex G-50. The purified inhibitor is 100 times more specific for human salivary amylase than for human pancreatic amylase. It shows an electrophoretic mobility of 0.2 on disc gel electrophoresis and a molecular weight of about 21 000. This inhibitor contributes about 16% to the total salivary amylase inhibiting power of the wheat extract.

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