Jul 1, 1976

Purification and properties of an enzyme catalyzing the splitting of carbon-mercury linkages from mercury-resistant Pseudomonas K-62 strain. I. Splitting enzyme 1

Journal of Biochemistry
T Tezuka, K Tonomura

Abstract

An enzyme (S-1) which catalyzes the splitting of carbon-mercury linkages of organomercury compounds was purified about 24-fold from the cell-free extract of mercury-resistant Pseudomonas K-62 strain by treatment with streptomycin, precipitation with ammonium sulfate, and successive chromatography on Sephadex G-150, DEAE-Sephadex, and DEAE-cellulose. A purified preparation of the enzyme showed a single band on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and was colorless. The molecular weight of the enzyme was estimated to be 19,000, and Km was 5.3 X 10(-5) M for p-chloromercuribenzoic acid (PCMB). The temperature and pH optimum for the reaction were 50degrees and 7.0, respectively. The enzyme was capable of catalyzing the decomposition of methylmercuric chloride (MMC), ethylmercuric chloride (EMC), phenylmercuric acetate (PMA), and PCMB in the presence of a sulfhydryl compound to form a mercuric ion plus methane, ethane, benzene, or benzoic acid, respectively. The mercuric ion thus formed was reduced to metallic mercury by metallic mercury-releasing enzyme (MMR-enzyme).

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Mentioned in this Paper

Antibiotic Resistance, Microbial
Mercury
Phenylmercuric Acetate
Solocyte
Polyacrylamide Gels
Methane
Chromatography
Oxidase
Ions
Ethylmercuric Chloride

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