Purification and properties of mouse liver fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase

Journal of Biochemistry
Y TashimaM Hasegawa

Abstract

A simple procedure has been developed for the purification of mouse liver and kidney fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase. In addition to the conventional method, including substrate elution from phosphocellulose, Blue Sepharose column chromatography made the purification procedure highly reproducible. The enzyme from rabbit liver was also purified by this method with a small modification. The isolated preparation was electrophoretically homogeneous. The mouse liver enzyme was identical with the kidney enzyme, and different from the rabbit liver enzyme electrophoretically. The structural properties and the amino acid composition were similar to those of this enzyme from other mammalian livers; the molecular weight was 143,000, subunit size was 37,500, S20, w was 7.0, and partial specific volume was 0.74. Cysteine and methionine residues amounted to 5-6 mol per subunit. Tryptophan was not detected. The Km value for fructose-1,6-bisphosphate was 1.3 microM. The Ki value for AMP was 19 microM. EDTA strongly activated the activity of the mouse liver enzyme at neutral pH. A partial proteolytic digestion of the mouse liver enzyme decreased the activity at neutral pH, and increased it at alkaline pH.

Related Concepts

Macromolecular Compounds
Tryptophan
Size
Fructose
Liver - Hepatocyte (Mmhcc)
Fructose-1,6-Bisphosphatase
Kidney
Proteolytic Enzyme
Blue-Sepharose
Protein Purification

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