PMID: 5408Sep 1, 1975

Purification and properties of two ribonucleases in different intracellular compartments in pea root tissue

Journal of Biochemistry
M Hirai, T Asahi

Abstract

Two RNases in bound forms associated with the microsomal membrane and with the ribosomes or unknown particles in pea root tissue were solubilized by subjecting the membrane to sonic oscillation in the presence of EDTA and KC1 and by treating the particles with EDTA, respectively. The RNases were than purified by DEAE-cellulose and Sephadex G-75 column chromatographies. The elution profiles of RNases from the columns were very similar. No significant differences were observed in their electrophoretic mobilities in polyacrylamide gels, in molecular weight, in activation by inorganic ions, urea or phospholipid micelles or in the dependence of their activities upon pH. The purified RNASES were not different from the bound enzymes as regards activation by inorganic ions and urea and the dependence of the activity upon pH. Triton X-100 stimulated the activity only if RNase was in a bound form associated with the microsomal membrane. We propose that the two RNases may be the same molecular species and differ only in the form of association with intracellular structures.

Related Concepts

Antimycin A1
Plasma Membrane
Cytochrome Reductases
SDS-PAGE
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Micelles
Alkaline Ribonuclease
Subcellular Fractions

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